Human skin, whether it’s of men or women has a tendency to change with time lapse and might bring some unwanted symptoms that are never experienced before. Most probably you might experience the arrival of wrinkles, fine lines, creases, expression lines and scars arrival on the face. It has been noted among several individuals who are above 30 experienced the occurrence of Hyperpigmentation or pigmentation marks on their face or other skin surfaces.
One might go with several treatment options but it might not be suitable for all skin types and it is necessary to consult a dermatologist for best results. This might not be a confident activity to watch because it brings some uneven dark patches on the skin and tends to increase with time lapse. Today we would discuss some facts and treatment options available regarding Hyperpigmentation symptoms that are described in a short review mentioned below.
What is Hyperpigmentation?
If you are experiencing dark patches arrival on skin that might lead to the condition of Hyperpigmentation where many individuals get confused. Hyperpigmentation usually is a general condition of the skin that is harmless and arrives on body segment when there is excess melanin production inside the body that leads to dark patches occurrence on the skin surface. It attacks several areas of the body including cheeks, chin, face, forehead and upper lips. If you have crossed 30, then hyperpigmentation visibility might be experienced more that also arrives in form of age spots. However, in few cases it also arrives due to overexposure to harsh UVA rays of the sun, in few cases, it might also occur due to excess cosmetic use.
It has become a common skin condition today that affects millions and could be treated with several dermatologists options easily. Sun- or UV-induced condition of hyperpigmentation attacks the skin due to exposure to UVA rays. In other cases, the hormone also includes the pigmentation arrival that is common in women and might arrive during pregnancy period when the body reacts to the estrogen level hormone, which is also called as melasma. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation arrives in form of acne scars and might also arrive due to the negative effect of chemical peels.
Treatment Options For Hyperpigmentation
Hydroquinone is a natural creation compound that restricts the formation of DOPA to melanin level and is a common method used to treat the symptoms of hyperpigmentation. It is widely available with several concentrations including from 2 to 4% but is also available with a higher strength level of up to 10% over the counter (OTC) not more than 2%. In several trials and researches the composition of Hydroquinone now arrives with a mixture of components including retinoids, glycolic acid, and corticosteroids, to boost the efficiency rating. However, it might lead to skin irritation if used for the long-term from daily application of 4% concentration. However, FDA announced the ban on HQ concentration in 2006 in the United States and its final decision is still pending.
Retinoids are usually an inclusion of vitamin A analogs and are a very effective option available to treat the issues of hyperpigmentation.
Retinoids need to be used for a consistent period that leads to several outcomes in form of skin lightening with a glow and smooth surface with reduced dark spots. Further combinations of retinoids and tazarotene, are other topical agents work effectively during the treatment of PIH. In several clinical studies, they have been proven as a safe source to treat for dark skin persons and is available in gels and creams with 0.1 to 0.3% concentrations. However, retinoids are common treatment options for wrinkles and might not be very effective during hyperpigmentation treatment.
Many are not aware of the efficiency percentage of vitamin C that is a natural antioxidant and is available in several vegetables and fruits and is also called Ascorbic acid. The source leads to improve the skin tone and makes it lighter with the visibility and controls oxidized dopaquinone that is a key to melanin formation. Besides, that also holds anti-inflammatory properties that improve the human health.
In a recent report issued by the United States dermatologist group, chemicals peels were the highest nonsurgical methods used by Americans to control the PIH formation. Superficial chemical peeling process is mostly used for dark skin individuals and has shown several positive outcomes after the procedure. However, it must be performed under the supervision of dermatologist only along with special attention to check. The side effects of chemical peel might results out in dyspigmentation, redness, irritation, blistering and keloid formation on the skin surface that is an irreversible process to handle. Peels have nature that makes skin sensitive that increases the chance of experiencing negative results so make sure you use a broad-spectrum sunscreen of at least 30 SPF to prevent skin tanning from UVA rays. The first week after peels procedure requires you take extra prevention otherwise hyperpigmentation might become worsened.
There are many skin lightening sources available to treat the condition of hyperpigmentation but among those laser treatment might be an effective therapy method when all treatment options fail to deliver results with a reduction of melasma. Energy produced through several lasers procedures might be quickly absorbed into the epidermal layer of the skin and tends to restrict the melanin production. This therapy is highly effective among dark-skinned individuals. However, these treatment options are highly risky and might lead to several skin troubles such as vascular lesions, chronic skin, pigmentary disorders, and scars conditions that are never easy to treat and might become permanent. However, laser options tend to boost the collagen production inside the body and tend to remove dark skin cells and generate better tone and firmness. It is better to consult a dermatologist that perform safe procedures according to skin requirement and deliver better skin presence. Do not forget to use sunscreen with at least 30 SPF or higher.